Methodology

The multiple data sources—police and military reports and news stories—make Conflict Alert the largest repository of subnational conflict data in the Philippines. From collection, the data undergo a strict process of evaluation, validation and analysis before they are shared with the public.

Data harvesting

Blotter reports are collected from the regional and provincial offices of the Philippine National Police. Reports from 15 national and local newspapers are gathered. Military data are harvested from the Eastern Mindanao Command of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.

Data sorting

Conflict incidents are classified as either violent or non-violent and stored in different folders.

Data encoding

The violent conflict incidents are analyzed according to cause/s, actors, and cost. Encoders also check for links between new incidents and previously recorded incidents or conflict strings. Thereafter, incidents are encoded into the database.

Data audit

Duplicate entries are voided using a search facility. Weekly audits are also conducted to maintain data accuracy and consistency.

Data validation

Multi-stakeholder validation groups are assembled to provide more details of the conflict incidents or add conflict incidents not recorded by the military or reported to the police or by the media.

Data analysis

Data are tabulated and analyzed according to incidence, density, strings, and trends of violent conflict. Relationships between conflict and economic and political variables are also checked. Additionally, the severity (frequency) and magnitude (costs) of violence are also examined using Alert’s Violence Intensity Index to help pinpoint priorities and interventions in the conflict-affected areas.

Data visualization

The findings are presented by visual tools such as graphs, tables, and maps.

Data dissemination

Results are presented to key stakeholders such as government agencies, local government units, civil society groups, academic institutions, private institutions and the security sector. The whole dataset is also stored in a comma-separated values or CSV file or written up in reports that are uploaded to the Conflict Alert website and made available to the public.