Data Coverage and Sources

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Data coverage

Conflict Alert has data on violent conflict incidents from 2011 to 2016 in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and from 2011 to 2015 in the Davao Region (except Davao City). Data from Caraga are currently being added to the database.  The ARMM includes the provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Sulu, Basilan, and Tawi-tawi. Incidents in Cotabato City and in Isabela City are included in the database because spillovers in violence shape and are shaped by violence from these two urban centers. In the Davao Region, the provinces of Davao Oriental, Davao Occidental, Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte and Davao del Sur are covered.

Sources of data

The main sources of data are incident reports from regional, provincial and city police offices in the ARMM and Davao Region and news reports from 14 local and national newspapers.

Multi-Stakeholder Validation Groups (MSVGs) also provide data. Members add incidents that are not on the police incident lists or were not reported by media. They also provide more data to the incident reports, such as the cause or causes of conflict. MSVG members have knowledge of local conflicts and have backgrounds spanning from security provision, crime prevention, conflict research, crime monitoring, to peacebuilding, local governance, policy formulation, journalism, and grassroots knowledge. Some members serve as regular members while others serve as resource persons on special topics.