Data Coverage and Sources

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Data coverage

Conflict Alert has data on violent conflict incidents from 2011 to 2016 in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and from 2011 to 2015 in the Davao Region (except Davao City). Data from Caraga are currently being added to the database.  The ARMM includes the provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Sulu, Basilan, and Tawi-tawi. Incidents in Cotabato City and in Isabela City are included in the database because spillovers in violence shape and are shaped by violence from these two urban centers. In the Davao Region, the provinces of Davao Oriental, Davao Occidental, Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte and Davao del Sur are covered.

Sources of data

The main sources of data are incident reports from regional and provincial police offices in the ARMM and Davao Region. The police reports are supplemented by reports from 15 local and national newspapers.

Some conflict incidents have undetermined causes or incomplete information. This has led to the creation of Multi-Stakeholder Validation Groups (MSVGs). The MSVGs are assembled to provide depth to the data. Members provide details of the conflict incidents and add conflict incidents not reported to the police or by the media. They also validate the list of incidents created from the police and newspaper reports. The MSVGs are composed of members with backgrounds in security provision, crime prevention, journalism, peacebuilding, conflict research, crime monitoring, local governance, policy formulation, and grassroots knowledge. Some MSVG participants serve as regular members while others are individuals who serve as specialized resource persons especially when local knowledge is required.